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Information Literacy Tutorial: 6. Citing Your Sources

Recognizing Plagiarism and How to Avoid It

What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is using someone else's work without properly giving the author credit. It is passing off someone else's work as your own. Check out this video  >>>

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Some professors use
Turnitin as a tool to detect plagiarism. 
Learn more here

Academic Honesty

Plagiarism is part of a broader concept: academic honesty -- a code of ethics that outlines how students should conduct their work. You could get into trouble if you plagiarize. Read the Academic Honesty Policy!


Learning about Citation Styles

Citation Styles

Research papers include a bibliography, which lists the sources that you have used. The citations listed in your bibliography must follow a specific style. Often your professor will instruct you regarding which style they prefer.

For example:

  • APA (American Psychological Association)
  • MLA (Modern Language Association)
  • Chicago

Style Manuals outline how to construct citations, as well as how to format the rest of your paper.

To find a style manual, visit our Style Manuals & Writing Guides LibGuide.


BOOK Citation (APA Style)

Image that explains the different sections of an APA citation.

Elements of an APA Book Citation

• Author(s)
• Publication year
• Title
• Place of publication
• Publisher

JOURNAL Article Citation (APA Style)

Elements of an APA Journal Citation

• Author(s)
• Publication year
• Article title
• Journal title
• Volume, issue & page numbers
• DOI (Only if the journal is found electronically, and is assigned a DOI.)

 Not sure how to cite something? Ask a librarian!

Discovering Useful Tools for Creating a Bibliography

There is software that can help you generate citations:
Library databases and Google Scholar have tools to help with citing. Look for "Cite."

Academic Search Complete

Google Scholar

The Library subscribes to RefWorks and EndNote.                                                      
ProQuest has a citation builder for APA and MLA. Click here.

Microsoft Word (2007 and later) has the capability to compile citations under the References tab.

Using Evidence Effectively in Your Research Paper

Summarizing vs. Paraphrasing vs. Quoting

You need sources to prove your claim, but what are the best ways to use them in your paper? How can you use these sources most effectively?

Evidence in your research paper should complement your words, not overshadow them. Watch the video to understand the different techniques for using evidence: summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting.


Ready to see what you've learned and take the quiz?

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